What is the meaning of Environmental Site Assessment and how it is prepared?

What is the meaning of Environmental Site Assessment and how it is prepared?

Environmental site assessment or EA is the assessment of the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. In this context, the title “EIA” or environmental impact assessment is usually used when referred to actual projects by people or companies and the term “strategic environmental assessment”  or SEA applies to policies, plans, and programs most often offered by organs of state. Environmental assessments can be administered by rules of legislative procedure regarding civic support and documentation of choice making and may be subject to constitutional analysis.

The main intention of the environmental site assessment is to ensure that decision-makers consider the environmental impacts when determining whether or not to continue with a project. According to IAIA or the International Association for Impact Assessment, an environmental impact evaluation is – “the method of recognizing, foretelling, estimating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other associated impacts of development plans prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made”. EIAs are different in that and they do not require adherence to a predetermined environmental outcome, but rather they require decision-makers to account for environmental values in their decisions and to justify those decisions in light of complete environmental studies and public comments on the potential environmental impacts. Remedial action is commonly subject to an array of supervisory elements, and also can be based on assessments of human health and ecological risks where no legislated standards exist or where standards are consultative.

One can get environmental remediation services in order to help environmental remediation. These services can help us to eliminate radiation origins in order to protect the surroundings.

Site assessment process:

Once a site is suspected of being poisoned, there is a need to evaluate the contamination. Often the estimation begins with the preparation of a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. The past use of the place and the elements used and produced in that place will lead the assessment strategy and type of sampling and chemical investigation to be done. Often nearby areas that are owned by the same organization or which are nearby and have been reclaimed, leveled or filled are also infected even where the current area use seems innocuous. For example, a car park may have been leveled using contaminated trash in the fill. Also important is to consider off-site contamination of nearby places often through decades of ejections to the soil, groundwater, and air. Ceiling dust, topsoil, surface and groundwater of nearby places should also be examined, both before and after any remediation. This is a controversial step as:

  • No one wants to have to pay for the clean-up of the place;
  • If there are any nearby properties that are found to be contaminated it may have to be noted on their property title, potentially affecting the value;
  • No one wants to pay for the cost of the evaluation.

Nowadays, many corporations are conducting voluntary testing of their properties are protected from the statements to environmental companies becoming public under Freedom of Information Acts, however, a “Freedom of Information” query will often produce other documents which are not preserved or will produce references to the reports.

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